Tips for Securing Your Home Router
Seemingly minor and easily overlooked settings can still have profound security implications. Here are some steps you can take to make sure your wired or wireless home router — and by extension, your network — is as secure as possible.
Most Popular Reviews
Microsoft Windows Home Server
If you have a home network, you'll welcome the easy file sharing, remote access and the image-based backup features of Windows Home Server.
MikroTik's The Dude
This free tool delivers many of the same capabilities that you'd find in pricey network monitoring tools. As long as you don't mind tinkering, The Dude is a decent network utility that should be worth the download.
Belkin N1 Router
Author: Craig Ellison Review Date: 11/28/2006
Belkin was one of the first companies to ship a “Draft-N” product. The Belkin N1 Wireless Router F5D8231-4 also introduced a new look for wireless routers. Rather than a design that could be mounted vertically or horizontally, the N1 is clearly designed to sit horizontally. It features a sleek new glossy black plastic top case with an attractive metallic-looking case bottom. Its three vertical antennas sprout out of the top of the case.
Belkin also broke ranks with traditional wireless routers with its new information status panel. Most wireless routers have LEDs to show activity on the Internet and LAN ports, and possibly a status light to indicate wireless activity or clients connected. The Belkin N1 status panel does away with individual port activity lights and replaces them with a series of indicators that show you the status of your network.
From left to right, the first icon indicates that wireless security is enabled. The next indicates that at least one wireless client has attached to the network. Similarly, the wired icon indicates that at least one wired station is connected to the router. If the connection between your modem and the router is broken, the two right-hand lights will extinguish. The normal condition is for all indicators to be illuminated in solid blue. If they blink yellow, it’s an indication of a problem.
For setup, Belkin relies on a combination of a quick start guide and a CD-based wizard. The quick start guide instructs you on how to connect the cables, and the CD-based wizard walks you through the basic router configuration. The 10/100 LAN ports on the N1 are color-coded grey and the Internet port is yellow. Belkin thoughtfully supplied a yellow Ethernet cable to connect between the Internet port and your cable/DSL router.
Opening screen of Setup Assistant
Of course, experienced users can just log into the router’s Web-based interface and configure it manually.
Belkin N1 Home Page
Interestingly, the Belkin N1 will display the router status page (above) without requiring a login. However, to change any of the settings requires an administrator password.
The menu on the Belkin N1 is quite straightforward. All configuration options are available from the single vertical menu along the left side of the screen. Configuration options are broken down into five main categories: LAN setup, Internet WAN, Wireless, Firewall and Utilities.
The LAN setup menu lets you configure the IP address range for your LAN and configure the DHCP server. The DHCP server can be configured for lease times ranging from a half hour to forever. I was surprised that the default was forever. Typically, you want the DHCP lease to expire so that you can reclaim IP addresses for future use, but in a home environment, it really doesn’t matter. Unlike some competing routers, the N1 does not support DHCP reservation – again, probably not a big deal in a typical home.
The Internet WAN menu allows you to set up your Internet connection. By default, it’s set to acquire both an IP address and DNS settings from the ISP. For most home users, the default setting will work, but the N1 supports static IP addresses and PPPoE.
The Wireless menu lets you configure wireless settings such as SSID (network name) operating channel, operating mode (only one choice of 802.11n/802.11g/802.11b), bandwidth, SSID broadcast and protected mode. The wireless security options on the N1 are more complete than on the NetGear 854T RangeMax. The N1 supports not only WPA/WPA2 in PSK (Pre-shared Key) mode, it also supports WPA/WPA2 using an external RADIUS server.
Belkin also included a feature not found in many consumer wireless routers – the capability to use it as an access point. If you select this option, the N1’s routing and firewall features are disabled. This is a nice feature, since access points, even though they're simpler devices than routers, typically cost more. And with RADIUS support for wireless security, the N1 could be a cost effective low-end enterprise AP with Draft-N support.
The firewall features on the N1 are fairly basic, but adequate for most home consumers with the exception of serious gamers. The virtual server list is pre-populated with 140 entries that cover most common services. However, the N1 doesn’t support application triggering – a feature needed by some gamers. It does have rudimentary IP client filters (five entries) that you can schedule. The N1 supports DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name Service), but only has support for one vendor (DYNDNS.org). A DMZ configuration page and a rudimentary log (that you can’t e-mail) round out the firewall offerings.
Belkin N1 Virtual Server Setup
The Utilities menu lets you reboot the router, restore it to factory settings and save/restore your router settings. The firmware update page has an icon that lets you check the Belkin site for firmware updates. Since the N1 is based on evolving technology and vendors are frequently updating drivers and firmware to offer better performance and interoperability, it’s a good idea to check for firmware upgrades often. During the time that I tested the N1, I updated the firmware in the device twice, and each time yielded better wireless performance.
Belkin N1 Firmware Update
Since Draft-N products are based on an evolving standard, it’s a good idea to buy the wireless adapter card from the vendor that made your router. Vendors are working on improving interoperability, and the Wi-Fi Alliance will eventually begin to certify Draft-N products for interoperability. For my tests, I installed a pair of F5D8011 notebook cards into the same testbed that I used to test other wireless products for Wi-Fi Planet.
Belkin N1 Wireless Notebook Card
The Belkin cards come with nice wireless client software that can replace Windows Zero Config. The software has a user-friendly tabbed interface that shows nearby networks, signal strength, security and operating channel. It also shows the status of your connection to the router, as well as the router’s connection to the Internet.
Belkin Wireless Networking Utility
The Help tab on the client lets you check for firmware upgrades (recommended), connect to Belkin’s network support site, find telephone support numbers, and launch diagnostic tools.
Belkin Wireless Networking Utility Help
I tested the Belkin N1 using the exact same testing methodology and test environment used for all previous wireless testing. Using iperf, I streamed data between two notebooks with the F5D8011 client cards installed. Both the router and the cards were updated with the latest firmware available.
I tested in a typical home environment (mine). Before testing, I did a site survey and discovered five nearby wireless networks, including one with 100 percent signal strength on channel 11. To minimize interference, I re-configured the Belkin N1 to operate on channel 1.
I created four test scenarios, and for each one, I ran performance tests a number of times. The results below are the average throughput for each test scenario.
Test One – Both notebooks in the same room as the router. The router was more than 6 feet away from the notebooks. Result:47.8 Mbps
Test Two – One notebook in the same room as the router. The second notebook was moved to a bedroom over 19 feet away. There was one wall between the router and the client. Result: 38.7 Mbps
Test Three – One notebook in the same room as the router. The second notebook was moved to the living room downstairs. Result: 58.6 Mbps
Test Four – One notebook in the same room as the router. The second notebook was moved to the kitchen directly below the location in test two. Result: 20.8 Mbps
In the short distance test, the Belkin measured only 47.8 Mbps as compared to Netgear’s 93.7 Mps and DLink’s 62.8 Mbps. And in the Kitchen test – the most difficult place to reach in my condo, the Belkin measured 20.8 Mbps as compared to DLink’s 35.4 Mbps and Netgear’s 22.6 Mbps. Still, at least for my condo, it provided good coverage in all rooms.
Though I like the styling of the case and some of the included features, you buy Draft-N products for performance. Unfortunately, the N1 doesn’t deliver the speed of its competitors.
Model: F5D8231-4 Price: N1 Router - $149.99 List; F5D8011 Notebook Card - $99.99 Pros: Stylish case design; innovative network status indicators; lifetime warranty Cons: Poorer performance than other Draft-N products reviewed.